Week 7


BOOK I (Rage of Achilles),

BOOK VI (Hector's Book),

Book IX (Embassy to Achilles).



The Iliad,

translated by Robert Fagles,

Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition,

ISBN 0140275363


The Odyssey,

translated by Robert Fagles,

Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition,

ISBN 0140268863


Edith Hall,

Introducing the Ancient Greeks: From Bronze Age Seafarers to Navigators of the Western Mind,

W. W. Norton & Company; 1 edition (June 16, 2014),

ISBN 0393239985

Principal Characters in The Iliad
Greeks (Achaeans, Argives, Danaans).
Agamemnon: commander of the Greek forces, king of Mycenae, son of Atreus [Atreides].
Menelaus: king of Lacedaemon (Sparta), brother of Agamemnon, husband of Helen.
Helen: wife of Menelaus, daughter of Zeus and Leda, sister of Clytemnestra.
Clytemnestra: wife of Agamemnon.
Achilles: leader of the Myrmidons, king of Phthia (in Thessaly), son of Peleus and Thetis.
Patroclus: son of Menoetius, Achilles' companion.
Nestor: elderly king of Pylos.
Odysseus: king of Ithaca.
Ajax: son of Telamon, from Salamis.
Diomedes: king of Argos, son of Tydeus.
Calchas: chief seer of the Greeks.

Gods Allied with the Greeks
Hera: sister and consort of Zeus, goddess of marriage, particularly associated with Argos and Mycenae.
Athena: daughter of Zeus; goddess of wisdom, culture, craftsmanship (especially domestic crafts); a martial goddess as well [Pallas Athena].
Poseidon: brother of Zeus; god of sea, horsemanship, earthquakes.

The Trojans
Priam: elderly king of Troy.
Hecuba: wife of Priam.
Hector: leader of the Trojan forces, favorite son of Priam and Hecuba.
Paris (Alexander): brother of Hector, abductor of Helen.
Sarpedon: king of Lycia, son of Zeus and Laodameia.
Aeneas: son of Anchises and Aphrodite.

Gods Allied with the Trojans
Aphrodite: daughter of Zeus and Dione, goddess of sexual desire, protectress of Helen [Cyprian].
Apollo: son of Zeus and Leto; brother of Artemis; god of culture, poetry, music, healing, archery.
Ares: son of Zeus and Hera, god of war and violence.

Other Gods
Zeus: ruler of the gods; god of sky, weather, the thunderbolt.
Hades: ruler of the nether world, brother of Zeus [Hades is used to signify the god's realm (i.e. hell) as well as the god himself].
Hephaestus: son of Hera, lame god of blacksmiths.
Iris: messenger of the gods, goddess of the rainbow.
Hermes: another messenger-god; patron of travelers, thieves, and charlatans; conductor of dead souls on journey to Hades.

NEXT WEEK: Thanksgiving Week, November 22-26

Classes will not be held the week of November 22-26, Thanksgiving vacation.

Students have stated they prefer having the week off; many are traveling for the holidays.