Above you see Plato and Aristotle as depicted in Raphael's great fresco in
the Vatican called "The School of Athens," and you see the older Plato in red
on the left with his student Aristotle in blue on our right.
These two men create the philosophical structure of Western thought.
Greek philosophy and science
Why was Greece unique?
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Ptolemy
The power of abstraction
Aristotle, The Categories (Xerox provided)
Euclid, The Elements (Xerox provided)
Ptolemy, The Geography (Xerox provided)