Above you see Plato and Aristotle as depicted in Raphael's great fresco in

the Vatican called "The School of Athens," and you see the older Plato in red

on the left with his student Aristotle in blue on our right.

These two men create the philosophical structure of Western thought.


Greek philosophy and science

Why was Greece unique?

Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Euclid, Ptolemy

The power of abstraction



Aristotle, The Categories (Xerox provided)

Euclid, The Elements (Xerox provided)

Ptolemy, The Geography (Xerox provided)