Week 20: Wednesday, July 29, 2015
PART ONE: LECTURE
Baltasar Gracian y Morales, SJ (January 8, 1601 to December 6, 1658) was a Spanish Jesuit and baroque prose writer. He was born in Belmonte, near Calatayud (Aragon). The son of a doctor, in his childhood GraciÃ¡n lived with his uncle, who was a priest. He studied at a Jesuit school in 1621 and 1623 and theology in Zaragoza. He was ordained in 1627 and took his final vows in 1635. He assumed the vows of the Jesuits in 1633 and dedicated himself to teaching in various Jesuit schools. He spent time in Huesca, where he befriended the local scholar Vincencio Juan de Lastanosa, who helped him achieve an important milestone in his intellectual upbringing. He acquired fame as a preacher, although some of his oratorical displays, such as reading a letter sent from Hell from the pulpit, were frowned upon by his superiors. He was named Rector of the Jesuit college of Tarragona and wrote works proposing models for courtly conduct such as El hÃ©roe (The Hero), El polÃtico (The Politician), and El discreto (The Discreet One). During the Spanish war with Catalonia and France, he was chaplain of the army that liberated Lleida in 1646.
PART TWO: The Art of Bartolomé Murillo
Baltasar Gracian (Author), Christopher Maurer (Translator), The Art of Worldly Wisdom