When we think of Germany around 1500, we immediately think of Luther and the German Reformation. But well before the Reformation, Germans were engaged in the scholarship of the new international movement that we now call the Renaissance. If Florence was the home of the earliest moments of the Renaissance around 1400, there were many important German scholars in Italy and elsewhere adding their own scholarship to the various fields of Biblical scholarship, Greek linguistic studies and other fields of value in the 1400s. Among the many great scholars from Germany we will take note of the following: Cardinal Nicholas Cusanus (died 1464), Rodolphus Agricola (1443-1485) called the Father of German Humanism, Johann Reuchlin (1455 – 1522), Conrad Celtes (1459 – 1508), and Erasmus. In Part Two of our evening we will turn to the life and work of Albrecht Durer the greatest of all the German Renaissance figures. You see below his spectacular self-portrait.
A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People,
Gordon A. Craig,