The Austro-Prussian War or Seven Weeks' War, known in Germany as Deutscher Krieg ("German War") and by a variety of other names, was fought in 1866 between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, with each also being aided by various allies within the German Confederation. Prussia had also allied with the Kingdom of Italy, linking this conflict to the Third Independence War of Italian unification. The Austro-Prussian War was part of the wider rivalry between Austria and Prussia, and resulted in Prussian dominance over the German states. The major result of the war was a shift in power among the German states away from Austrian and towards Prussian hegemony. It resulted in the abolition of the German Confederation and its partial replacement by the unification of all of the northern German states in the North German Confederation that excluded Austria and the other Southern German states, a Kleindeutsches Reich. The war also resulted in the Italian annexation of the Austrian province of Venetia.


Steven Ozment,

A Mighty Fortress: A New History of the German People,

Harper Perennial,

ISBN 0060934832

Gordon A. Craig,

The Germans,


ISBN 0452010853


Carl E Schorske,

Fin-De-Siecle Vienna: Politics and Culture,

Vintage paperbacks,

ISBN 0394744780

The best overall study of rivalry between European powers during this time:

Alan J. P. Taylor,

The Struggle for Mastery in Europe: 1848-1918,

Oxford University Press,

ISBN 0198812701