Week 30: Wednesday, May 31, 2017
The Terror

Wikipedia: The Reign of Terror (27 June 1793 – 27 July 1794), also known as the The Terror (French: la Terreur) was a period of violence that occurred for one year and one month after the onset of the French Revolution, incited by conflict between rival political factions, the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of “enemies of the revolution.” Estimates vary widely as to how many were killed, with numbers ranging from 16,000 to 40,000; in many cases, records were not kept, or if they were, they are considered likely to be inaccurate. The guillotine (“National Razor”) became the symbol of a string of executions: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, the Girondins, Philippe Égalité (Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans) and Madame Roland, as well as many others, such as “the father of modern chemistry” Antoine Lavoisier, lost their lives under its blade.